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10 Must-Read Articles for the Aspiring Medical Educator

By Georgia Toal, MA

As a medical student and former teacher wishing to delve into the field of medical education, I sifted through the many stellar articles highlighted in the Key Literature in Medical Education (KeyLIME) weekly podcasts. Here is my ‘must-read’ list of articles for students interested in medical education, distributed across some of the most foundational and hot topics in the field.

I suggest the following process:

Learning Theory

#1. Learning Science as a Potential New Source of Understanding and Improvement for Continuing Education and Continuing Professional Development.

Van Hoof TJ, Doyle TJ. Med Teach. 2018 Sep;40(9):880-885.

KeyLIME [175]


#2. Where Philosophy Meets Culture: Exploring How Coaches Conceptualize their Roles.

Watling CJ, LaDonna KA. Med Educ. 2019 May;53(5):467-76.

KeyLIME [217]

Instructional Method: Preclinical Classrooms

#3.  A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Flipped Classrooms in Medical Education.

Chen F, Lui AM, Martinelli SM. Med Educ. 2017. 51(6):585-597.

KeyLIME [148]

Instructional Method: Clinical Clerkships

#4. Would Socrates Have Actually Used the “Socratic Method” for Clinical Teaching?

Stoddard HA, O’Dell DV. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Sep;31(9):1092-6.

KeyLIME [128]


#5. Validity Evidence for Programmatic Assessment in Competency-based Education. 

Bok HG, de Jong LH, O’Neill T, Maxey C, Hecker KG. Perspect Med Educ. 2018 Dec;7(6):362-372.

KeyLIME [211]


#6. When Assessment Data Are Words: Validity Evidence for Qualitative Educational Assessments.

Cook DA, Kuper A, Hatala R, Ginsburg S. Acad Med. 2016 Oct;91(10):1359-1369.

KeyLIME [122]


#7. Comparison of Male vs Female Resident Milestone Evaluations by Faculty During Emergency Medicine Residency Training. 

Dayal A, O’Connor DM, Qadri U, Arora VM. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 May 1;177(5):651-657.

KeyLIME [138]

Student Evaluations

#8. Meta-analysis of Faculty’s Teaching Effectiveness: Student Evaluation of Teaching Ratings and Student Learning Are Not Related.

Uttl B, White CA, Gonzalez DW. Stud Educ Evaluation. 2017 Sep 1;54:22-42.

KeyLIME [125]

Duty Hour Policies

#9. Education Outcomes in a Duty-Hour Flexibility Trial in Internal Medicine.

Desai SV, Asch DA, Bellini LM, Chaiyachati KH, Liu M, Sternberg AL, Tonascia J, Yeager AM, Asch JM, Katz JT, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 19; 378(16):1494-1508.

KeyLIME [165]

Becoming a Medical Educator

#10. ‘It was Serendipity’: A Qualitative Study of Academic Careers in Medical Education.

Wendy C. Y. Hu, Jill E. Thistlethwaite, Jennifer Weller, Gisselle Gallego, Joseph Monteith, Geoff J. McColl. Med Educ. 2015 Nov; 49(11): 1124–1136.

KeyLIME [99]


About the Author:

Georgia Toal, MA is a medical student at Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. This post is the final assignment of a directed reading elective for her Scholarly Concentration in Medical Education.

This work was edited and formatted for International Clinician Educators Blog by her course instructor, Michael A. Gisondi, MD.

The views and opinions expressed in this post are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. For more details on our site disclaimers, please see our ‘About’ page

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